Links with the strategic framework
The different regions of the Channel area are confronted with similar issues of coastal management. Research in recent years has demonstrated that integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) is an effective way of addressing problems that result from increasing pressures and conflicts of use within the coastal zone. Moreover, the Recommendation of the European Parliament and the Council 30 May 2002 has given a new impetus to this approach, which has to be implemented by each Member State. ICZM is therefore one of the main axis of the Channel strategic framework. The working group will analyse the various uses of the coastal and maritime areas of the Channel, their impact on the environment and their interrelations. It will recommend coastal and maritime management measures which could possibly be included in the Channel strategic framework. A particular attention will be paid to the effects of maritime pollution, to operation of off-shore windmills building, the extraction of building materials, to the laying of underwater cables, the use of dredging waste, which illustrate the interactions between the various issues of the Channel area.
Links will be established with the NWE INTERREG IIIB SAIL II project. The Nord-Pas-de-Calais Region who co-ordinates the ICZM working group is also a partner in the SAIL II project and will be in position to ensure complementarities and synergies between both projects.
This theme will be developed by the ICZM working group, incorporating the environment and coastal departments of the Channel local authorities, coastal bodies such as Conservatoire de lEspace Littoral in France, and other interested stakeholders. This working group will be co-ordinated by Nord-Pas-de-Calais region.
- Identification of Coastal Issues and definition of a joint approach to activities/ uses along the coastline. Beyond this project, this work will contribute to the work planned at a national and European level for implementing the Recommendation of the European Parliament and the Council of 30 May 2002.
- Production of Coastal Management Frameworks based on the analysis of various activities/uses and their impacts. Analysis of the effects of oil production according to the coastal morphology, the type of pollution, the tides and the streams. Analysis of the effects of off-shore windmills on maritime and air safety, on the maritime fauna and flora, on the movements of sediments and on coastal erosion. Analysis of the effects of the extraction of building materials on the seabed (movement of sediments and morphology), on maritime safety (above all for fishing), on the maritime fauna and flora and on fishing. Analysis of the effects of dredging waste from the ports on the marine fauna and flora, etc. Considering the diversity of the Channel coastline, the method and results should be transferable to other North-West European coastal areas. This action will produce recommendations for emergency plans and management frameworks based on contractual approach according to the type of coastline.